KINSHASA: The scant remains of DR Congo’s fiery independence hero Patrice Lumumba were interred on Thursday after a nine-day homage that stirred traumatic memories and national pride.
“Sleep in peace now,” President Felix Tshisekedi said.
Hailing Lumumba as “our national hero,” Tshisekedi declared: “May the land of our ancestors be sweet and mild to you.”
A single gold-crowned tooth, returned by Belgium, is all that remains of the young nationalist.
He was murdered in January 1961 at the age of 35, just months after becoming Congo’s first post-colonial prime minister.
In a solemn ceremony coinciding with the country’s 62nd anniversary, the remains were interred in a mausoleum beneath a statue of Lumumba on an avenue in the capital Kinshasa that also bears his name.
Didier Shonda, 24, told AFP that he had come from Lumumba’s home region of Sankuru for the ceremony.
With the return of the remains “his spirit will no longer wander,” said Shonda.
“We now know where to come to replenish our resources to totally free our country and the youth of Africa.”
Lumumba was among the vanguard of pan-African leaders who led the charge to end colonialism in the late 1950s.
He rose to prominence in 1958 when he launched a political party, the Congolese National Movement (MNC), which called for independence and a secular Congolese state.
He stunned Belgium with a speech on independence day on June 30, 1960 that was attended by the country’s monarch, King Baudouin.
In it, he accused the exiting colonial masters of racism and “humiliating slavery.”
“We experienced the slurs, the insults, the beatings that we had to undergo morning, noon and evening, because we were negroes,” he declared. Just 75 days later, Lumumba was forced out by a coup fomented with the help of Belgium and the CIA, which also opposed the support he had requested from the Soviet Union.
In January 1961, Lumumba was handed over to the authorities in mineral-rich southeast Katanga province, which had seceded from the fledgling nation months earlier with Belgium’s support.
He was shot dead and his body was dissolved in acid, but a Belgian police officer involved in the killing kept one of his teeth as a trophy.
In 2016, the Belgian authorities seized the relic from his daughter.
King Leopold II governed the vast country — a swathe of central Africa the size of continental western Europe — as his personal property between 1885 and 1908, before it became a Belgian colony.
Historians say millions were killed, mutilated or died of disease as they were forced to collect rubber under his rule. The land was also pillaged for its mineral wealth, timber and ivory.