Vision 2030 and Education System: Saudi Arabia Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman’s (MBS) approach to education reform is very different from that of his predecessors, even as his focus is on a pure education system. This report is a brief outline of these reforms. Offers There is also a careful debate in Saudi Arabia on how to reform this controversial religious education. The bombings of the World Trade Center on September 11, 2011, were carried out by jihadists in Saudi Arabia during 2003-07. Reforms in religious education have become a global demand since the insurgency in B and the emergence of Islamic State in Syria and Iraq in 2015-17.
Report by the US Commission on International Religious Freedom (USCIRF) on “Middle School Textbooks in Saudi Arabia” and a recent report by the Anti-Defamation League (ADL) “Education of Hate and Violence” acknowledges that Saudi Arabia is moving toward tolerance in the Islamic curriculum, but some material still needs to be reformed. But these reports are superficial reports that reflect Saudi culture and history However, in the report under review, we are going to fill this gap. We will take a historical look at Saudi religious education and see what improvements have been made to it in different periods.
- Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman (MBS) has publicly and repeatedly called for an end to religious extremism.
- When King Suleiman bin Abdulaziz came to power in 2015, he stepped up efforts to eradicate religious extremist ideologies and rhetoric from the country’s textbooks and classrooms.
- Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman (MBS) has decided to harmonize education with the economic system under Vision 2030.
MBS’s New Educational Policy Prevention of Extremist Policy:
In 2017, Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman told Fox News that “we do not want to spend the next 30 years trying to fight these extremist ideologies. We will crush it today. We want to get back to where we were.” That’s where we started. We want to present moderation to the world and to other religions. ” Two weeks after the statement, the Crown Prince ordered the arrest of dozens of hardline clerics. Many of the clerics arrested were in some way linked to the Muslim Brotherhood. Were also fired from jobs involved in teaching the secret curriculum.
Preparation of Islamic curriculum
A new curriculum for Islamic studies was developed. By merging the six disciplines of Islamic studies, the hours allotted for Islamic studies were reduced. For example, in middle school, commentary was incorporated into the subject of the Qur’an into a book. Similarly, in the fifth grade, a joint book on the subject of Tajweed and the Qur’an was prepared. In addition, the Ministry of Religious Affairs has banned all Tahafiz-ul-Quran madrassas from conducting extracurricular activities such as visiting the graveyard for the sake of the Hereafter so that students can learn some lessons from death. The ban applied to about 7.7 million students.
The Role of Past Kings – An Overview
King Faisal and King Abdullah are the main reformers and pioneers of education in Saudi Arabia. Shah Faisal was well aware of the importance of vocational education, so he set up a network of vocational education institutions across the country. Shah Faisal issued scholarships to study abroad. In 1974, 800 students were sent to the United States for higher education.
King Abdullah innovated the education system. He founded the National Center for Education and Professional Development (QIAS) in 2008. It has been made mandatory for all new and old teachers to be trained in this center and will not be able to teach in the school without passing the teaching test of this center. In 2016, 70% of teachers failed the test. Failing teachers were given four chances to pass. The batch of ineligible teachers was automatically cleared through this test.
In 2005, Saudi Arabia launched the King Abdullah External Scholarship Program (KASP). One of the aims of the program was for Saudi students to mingle with students from different cultures, societies and religious backgrounds to create tolerance within them. Under the program, the number of students in the United States reached 87,000 in 2017, of which 29,000 were female students.
In 2019, the Saudi government set up a 15 15 billion company called King Abdullah Education Development Company.
Development Company Tatweer). Through this innovation company, the government seeks to innovate by updating educational technology, teaching methods, curricula and educational infrastructure. Despite allocating large sums of money, the project did not achieve its mandate aims. Explaining the reason, former Prime Minister Ahmed al-Issa, in his book “Education Reform in Saudi Arabia”, argues that “traditional and liberal bureaucrats Due to differences between the two parties, inconsistencies between government agencies and lack of transparency in project spending, the project is not achieving the expected results.
The new king, and the new style of governing
Why didn’t the projects of previous kings succeed? This was largely due to differences of opinion at the cabinet level. However, Shah Suleiman has initiated the development and innovation of the education system in two ways. On the one hand, they are editing religious textbooks and curricula, on the other hand, less time is being devoted to religious education and more time is being devoted to honing scientific and creative skills. In addition, a new education policy is being introduced which is designed keeping in view the economic reforms of the country, which will provide better employment opportunities. In this way, our education system will be market oriented. Will
Crown Prince Muhammad bin Salman’s point of view is different from that of King Abdullah. King Abdullah only tried to reform the education sector, while Muhammad bin Salman made educational reform an integral part of economic reform. According to Mohammad Salman, it is enough to bring reforms not only in the field of education but also in other fields which are related to education. Furthermore, all the resources that help cultivate extremist minds are being blocked. For example, they have abolished the religious police force under the name of ‘Mutawa’. In 2017, crackdowns on fundamentalists and Muslim Brotherhood supporters took place and hundreds of scholars, thinkers and journalists were detained. This series of imprisonment is still going on.
Vision 2030: Education system linked to economic requirements
The government has introduced hundreds of summer programs aimed at enhancing teacher skills. In 2018, the Ministry of Education launched a program called News (Experience), under which 1,000 government school teachers at all levels were sent to the United States and Europe to improve their teaching skills. In 2019, the Ministry of Education launched the National Teacher Accreditation Program. Teachers who pass the exam to become a teacher are given a teaching certificate. Now no teacher can teach without this certificate. The program is a continuation of King Abdullah’s National Center for Education and Professional Development (QIAS).
From 2021 onwards, two subjects “Creative Thinking” and “Philosophy” have been introduced at the secondary level to end the centuries-old rote memorization. Second, the Ministry of Education has deviated from the standard curriculum and has now given students the option to study subjects of their choice in research, information technology and earth sciences. In addition, Chinese language courses are being offered to secondary school students this year to meet the need for manpower in the global market.
Under Vision 2030, new scholarships are being issued for studying abroad, dubbed scholarships in the arts. These scholarships include music, filmmaking, theater, and architecture. The teaching of all these subjects was forbidden in the past. Minister of Culture Badr bin Abdullah said that “these scholarships will meet the consumption of manpower in the field of entertainment and tourism. For this, it is very important to acquire these sciences.”
In addition, arts and crafts subjects are being included in the school curriculum. Initially, the Department of Arts and Culture is being started at Malik Saud University, Riyadh. In addition, a four-year Bachelor of Science in Cinematic Arts degree program is being launched at Women’s Chastity University.
According to Vision 2030, training courses are also being conducted in the field of tourism. In 2018, the Riyadh Chamber of Commerce trained 1,000 men and women in hospitality, tourism and digital marketing in small towns. The Saudi government has created 17,000 new jobs in the tourism and entertainment sectors. Saudi Vision 2030
Saudi Arabia has for the first time allowed foreign universities to open branches in the country so that Saudi students can get quality education in the country. In addition, Shah Salman has taken steps to privatize higher education. Initially, private education will be available at three universities, Jamia Malik Saud Riaz, Jamia Malik Abdul Aziz Jeddah and Imam Abdul Rahman Bin Faisal University Dammam.